This phone call scam works by tricking its victims to say “yes” over the phone. The scammers will usually try to strike up a conversation with the victim, and in the middle of the conversation, then scammer will then ask the victim “Can you hear me?”, “Do you live in Virginia?” or “Are you an employee of VCU?”. The natural response for all of us may be to reply with “Yes”, but this is exactly what the scammers want. When the victim reply with “Yes”, the scammers will record the victim’s voice so that it can then be played back to victim after the scammer sends fraudulent invoices to the victim; citing the victim agreed to all of the services. Alternatively, the scammer can also use the voice recording of the victim to trick automated answering systems to conduct identity theft operations by signing up for various services and products using the victim’s identity. If you receive a phone call from an unknown number, you should be very careful when answering it; If the person on the other side of the line is an unknown individual and is attempting to ask you yes / no questions, you should hang up immediately and report the number to police.